The Qur’an: Unchallengeable Miracle By Caner Taslaman

An Abstract of the Book By (Mufti) Faheem Usmani

The following piece of writing is actually an abstract of a well-known book “The Qur’an: Unchallengeable Miracle” authored by CANER TASLAMAN a famous Turkish origin author of many books particularly on spirituality, Islam and modern science. This book was translated by ENDER GÜROL from Turkish to English.

However, main stream Musfassireen or commentators of the Qur’an have never tried on this domain as a major study subject. Therefore, it would be little tough to match all the arguments put forwarded by the author with the sources of Islamic studies.

Findings in this abstract are only from the book and the author’s arguments.

The book basically, as it is evident by the title, attempts to prove that the Qur’an is an outstanding miracle which the author tries to establish scientifically and logically.

He analyses all the incidents that Qur’an talks about or signs that Qur’an speaks of and then the author drives a very clear and proved understanding of the verses.

In the course of this book, he talks about almost everything from the bottom of the sea to the lofty heights of space, from the creation of the universe to the latest discovery on the firmament, from the embryo to the life of bees and from the most probing questions of philosophy to the most complicated problems of physics. In this book he tries to assess the unbelievers’ contention that “The Qur’an is the word of human” as opposed to “The Qur’an is the word of God.”

The author also attempted to prove the claim of the Qur’an that it is the book exempt from all errors despite it covers the vast range of subjects and it reveals information that was not – and could not possibly be – known at that time when it was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (saws).

We can divide this book into three main parts.

•        The first part talks about the geographical structure of the universe and its revelation in the Qur’an

•        The second parts talks about some historic Events, Teleological Causality and Figures of the Qur’an.

•        Mathematical Miracles of the Qur’an and outstandingly tries to make a combination between a number of the Qur’an and its logical sequence on the earth.

First Part: Geographical Structure of the Universe and Its Revelation in the Qur’an

The author explains the meanings of the Qur’an particularly about scientific terms according to the contemporary terminologies.

For Example:

There is a verse in the Qur’an:

وَالسَّمَاءَ بَنَيْنَاهَا بِأَيْدٍ وَإِنَّا لَمُوسِعُونَ

With power did We construct Heaven. Verily, We are expanding it.

(Chapter 51- verse 47)

This had always been a subject matter for the great minds and hot debates and ratiocination of all kinds failed to clarify this dilemma if the universe is infinite or finite (expandable). The author referred to many studies and beliefs of former and later scientists to prove this concept of the Qur’an.

The following paragraph is from his book:

“There was a gap in Newton’s physics. Newton believed in an endlessly vast and static universe. His law of gravity encountered a problem. How was it that the physical bodies, in the course of eons, defied their mutual attractions and did not collapse into a unity? The formula that Einstein devised abandoned the absolute notions of space and time as reference points for all objects in the universe. Basing his studies on Einstein’s formulas, Alexander Friedmann, a Russian physicist, is covered that the universe must be expanding. Georges Lemaître, a Belgian cleric, astronomer and cosmologist, formulated that the universe had begun in a cataclysmic explosion of a small, primeval super atom, like the growing of an oak tree from an acorn. This theory explained the recession of galaxies within the framework of Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity. This idea was so incredible that even Einstein had problems accepting it, despite the fact that this all had originated from his own formulas. Einstein, rather, countered that physics was not the forte of Lemaître, and the universe was an infinite expanse and in a steady state.

Lemaître’s theory posited that the universe was expanding. This was a statement that no philosopher and no scientist had ever before set forth. Kant had said in his Critique of Pure Reason that this was an enigma unsolvable by human intelligence. This theory fit everything and explained the reason why the universe did not collapse in spite of gravity. The key had fit into the lock. It was the correct explanation of the enigma. However, this statement met with the usual adverse reaction: “No, it is not the truth...”

He further mentions several references of great scientists such as American astronomer Hubble Einstein and some others.

The author also scientifically proved Allah’s verse:

بَدِيْعُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْاَرْضِ ۚ وَاِذَا قَضٰٓى اَمْرًا فَاِنَّمَا يَقُوْلُ لَـهٝ كُنْ فَيَكُـوْنُ

Creator of the heavens and the earth from nothingness, He has only to say when He wills a thing, “Be,” and it is. (Chapter 2- Verse, 117)

“Creator of the heavens and the earth from nothingness, He has only to say when He wills a thing, “Be,” and it is.”

The author tried to prove the point that the universe had had a beginning through BIG BANG theory, Roger Penrose and Stephen Hawking as well.

“It was understood that time existed in relation to the movements of matter. As matter and its movements did not exist prior to the Big Bang, time did not exist before the Big Bang. Matter and time came into being after the Big Bang. Their existence depends on each other. Roger Penrose and Stephen Hawking conclusively proved in mathematical terms that the universe had had a beginning. The Big Bang theory confirmed the hypothetical alternative suggested by atheists that the universe had to have a beginning if it had been created.” He wrote in the book.

The author also talks about the orbits which Qur’an speaks of in the verse of

وَالسَّمَآءِ ذَاتِ الْحُبُكِ”.

By the Sky with its ingeniously devised paths (orbits). (Chapter 51- verse 07)

He says, “The fact that all stars and heavenly bodies are in motion was only scientifically established after the discovery of the telescope and the advance of science. The number of galaxies in the universe exceeds hundreds of millions, each comprising more than one hundred million stars, some larger and some smaller than the sun. Our sun is comparably of middle size. These stars have many planets like the earth and the planets have their satellites like our moon. All these have come about after having detached from one single point. All these stars and planets and satellites have their respective orbits.”

The author also talks about the other things of the Qur’an and scientifically proves them giving references from modern and aged scientific studies.

He talks about the things such as atom (ذَرَّةٍ) which mentioned in this verse.

لايَعْزُبُ عَنْهُ مِثْقَالُ ذَرَّةٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَلَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا أَصْغَرُ مِن ذَ‌ٰلِكَ وَلَا أَكْبَرُ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مُّبِينٍ

Not even an atom’s weight in the heavens and the earth, or something smaller or greater than it is hidden from Him, but all are in a clear record. (Chapter 34 verse 03)

Referring to the verse فَلَا أُقْسِمُ بِمَوَاقِعِ النُّجُومِ (So, I swear by the place where the stars fall.) – Chapter 56 verse, 75 – he talks about black holes and writes:

“Stars perpetuate their existence with hydrogen bombs exploding in them. During these explosions a portion of matter is transferred into energy, emitting heat of immeasurably high temperature. Conversion of one gram of matter into energy may be obtained by burning two million kilograms of coal. For instance, in our sun-which is but a star of medium size-four billion kilograms of matter are converted into energy every second. A star uses but a small portion of its matter as fuel, and when this fuel is exhausted, it dies off. The lifetime that God designed for the living had also been apportioned for the stars. As new stars are born somewhere in the universe, the old ones bid farewell, as if saying: “We pass away, but our Creator is forever abiding and his Creation is perpetual.”

However, I mentioned a few verses in reference to understand how and what the author talked about in this book. But there is a long list of subjects that he covered in the book such as:

•        Attraction And Motion

•        All Afloat In Orbits

•        The Solar System

•        Creation In Pairs

•        Relativity Of Time

•        The Sun Also Moves Along

•        Rising Points Of The Sun

•        Difference Between The

•        Sun And The Moon

•        Orbit Of The Moon

•        Journey To The Moon

•        Layers Of Heavens

•        Layers Of Earth

•        Number Of Layers

•        Fecundating Winds

•        Clouds And The Process Of Rain

•        Due Measure In Rain

•        Underground Waters And Water Cycle

•        Barrier Between Seas etc.

He talks about the earth layers, “The earth is made of many different and distinct layers. The deeper layers are composed of heavier metals; they are hotter, denser and under much greater pressure than the outer limits. One of the layers is the Oceanic Crust (1), and another one is the Continental Crust (2). Beneath is the Upper Mantle (3). Another layer is the Asthenosphere (4) that exhibits plastic properties. Beneath is the Lower Mantle (5). The Outer Core (6) is underneath; its liquid content with the dynamo effect generated by the rotating of the earth forms the protective magnetic field around it. And the last layer is the Inner Core (7).

We see that our world is made of layers whose raw material and function vary. The figure 7 is again indicated in the Quran for the layers of the earth. If the two layers are integrated into a single layer for study purposes, changing the figure 7, then the meaning of 7 in the Arabic language must be taken as a plurality. A detailed examination of God’s wonderful world shows that God has power over all things and that God comprehends all things in His knowledge, as it is said in the verse which we examined in this chapter.”

He writes about solar system, “All the motions of the sun, the moon and the earth continue in perfect harmony. Everything is so excellently arranged that even Jupiter, the largest planet in the solar system, contributes to the life on earth. Astronomer George Wetherill, in his article on Jupiter, says that had there been no planet of a magnitude equal to the size of Jupiter, the earth would have had one thousand times more exposure to stray meteors and comets, and that if Jupiter were not at the place where it happened to be, we could not have been here now to probe into the mystery of the origin of the solar system. No matter where we turn, we come across splendours, infinitesimal calculations and works of art provided. Of course, we meditate on God’s creation using our intelligence. Our Creator displays the evidences of His omnipotence and omniscience and His compassion everywhere in the universe.”

Second Part: Historic Events, Teleological Causality and Figures of the Qur’an.

He also talks about some historic events from the Qur’an such as about the AAD People and The City of Eram as Qur’an says:

أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِعَادٍ،  إِرَمَ ذَاتِ الْعِمَاد، الَّتِي لَمْ يُخْلَقْ مِثْلُهَا فِي الْبِلَادِ

Have you not seen what your Lord did to the Aad. Of Eram with lofty pillars, The like of which were not produced in the land. (Chapter 89- Verse 6-8)

“There are many passages where the Aad people are mentioned in the Quran. The Prophet Hud was sent to the Aad people to warn them against attributing a partner to God. The Aad people, however, turned a deaf ear on the Prophet’s warning and continued their practice. The Aad community lived in the city of Eram, a city built on beautiful tall pillars, which was destroyed by a storm. At the beginning of the 1990s the leading papers in the world covered the story of a discovery of towering importance under such headings as “Discovery of a Sumptuous Arabian City,” “Legendary Arabian City Unearthed.” What made this archaeological finding more significant was the mention of its name in the Quran. This discovery confounded those who had insisted that the existence of the Aad community was only legendary. The city in question was discovered by an amateur archaeologist, Nicholas Clapp. Based on written evidence, he set off to unearth the lost city. After long efforts he managed to persuade NASA to have satellite photographs taken of the region in question; these photographs resulted in the eventual discovery.”

“As the ruins came to be unearthed, it was concluded that the site corresponded to the city of the Aad people mentioned in the Quran. Among the unearthed ruins were the tall pillars described in the Quran. Dr. Zarins claims that what made this city referred to as Eram different from others of its time was these pillars described in the Quran. The other accounts related to this event exactly tallied with the archaeological findings.”

Also talks some other Events, Teleological Causality and Figures of the Qur’an such as:

•        Ancient Egypt And The Pharaoh’s Body

•        Signs In The Old Testament

•        Signs In The New Testament

•        Victorious Romans And The Lowest

•        Spot On The Earth

 

Third Part: Mathematical Miracles of the Qur’an

He thirdly mentions, almost after half of the book some Mathematical Miracles of the Qur’an and outstandingly tries to make a combination between a number of the Qur’an and its logical sequence on the earth. About this part of the book the author says, “In this part of our book, I shall be dealing with the mathematical miracles in the Quran. Mathematics is a basic tool and a common language of all sciences. Mathematical certainty has always impressed philosophers throughout history. The importance of it was better appreciated after the 16th century. Great improvements were achieved in the sciences, thanks to the scientific approach that placed mathematics right in the center. Cars, trains, satellites, medications, means of communication and the technological wonders of the modern age owe their origins to mathematics. Without mathematics we could not understand the universe, nor could we come up with new inventions.”

Following are few references from the book itself to understand how the author has logically explained the mathematical numbers of the Qur’an:

1.       “The word “a day” (yewm) is used 365 times in the Quran. The figure 365 does not only represent the number of days in the calendar, but it is also the figure that shows the astronomical relationship between our world and the sun. When our world completes its turn around the sun, it has revolved 365 times around its own axis. In other words, when the world has completed its cycle around the sun, this means we have lived 365 days on earth. It is important that the word “a day” is used 365 times in the Quran, because the world’s revolution around the sun takes 365 days.”

2.       The derivatives of the word “year” (sinet, sinin) are mentioned 19 times in the Quran. The solar and lunar calendars need correction because of the leap year. When the world revolves around the sun 365 times, the moon revolves around the earth and itself 12 times. This constitutes a year. But when the earth completes its revolution and arrives at the starting point, the moon is behind schedule. It takes the earth and the moon 19 years to meet at the same starting point. This cycle of 19 years is called the Meton cycle. The lunar calendar, rearranged every 19 years, ends up with 7 leap years (355 days) and 12 full years (354 days) during this period. It is also another surprising characteristic of the miracles that the singular year (sinet) is used 7 times, whereas the plural year (sinin) is used 12 times in the Quran. And all the derivatives of the word “year” are used 19 times, an indication of the Meton cycle.

3.       “The word moon (Qamar), together with its derivatives, is used exactly 27 times in the Quran. This number is equal to the number that is the moon’s ecliptic cycle around the world. The Quran indicates that both the sun and the moon follow courses exactly computed (55- Gracious, 5). The sun’s and the moon’s definition in terms of mathematics is interesting and the word “moon” is mathematically coded in the Quran.”

4.       The earth’s revolution around the sun takes 365 days, while the moon’s 12 revolutions around the earth takes 12 months in the lunar calendar. The Quran says that there are 12 months in a year. On the other hand, in the Quran, the word “a month” (shehr) is also mentioned 12 times to indicate that there are 12 months in a year.

These are just very few examples, but the author has mentioned many interesting facts and logical occurrence of the upcoming events according to the Mathematical rules such as:

•       Ratio Of The Sea And Land Surface

•       Seven Heavens

•       Atomic Number Of Iron

•       Angels And The Devil

•       Sexual Crime, Transgression And Wrath

In short this book is very interesting and laden with a lot of information to understand the Qur’an from a very different aspect than that we usually understand.

Note:     There is a possibility that main stream Mufassireen (commentators of the Qur’an) might have different opinions about the subject matter which I did not compare and there is not much material to compare with. Therefore, I only mentioned what the author argued about the subject matter in reference to the Qur’an and modern science.