Juz -8: Tell, surely, my salah, my worship and my life and death all are for Allah…

[Juz -8]

 

Tell, surely, my salah, my worship and my life and death all are for Allah…

 [Juz: 8, Surah Al-An’am, from Ayat 111 to Surah Al-Aaraf, Ayat 87]

In the first ayah of Juz 8, Allah says that, O, Prophet, Non-Muslims demand many kinds of miracles from you but the reality is that they are not going to accept the right way, though We send angels to them or dead people to talk to them.  Nevertheless, it is possible if We want, it means they can be made believers by force but it will not happen because it is against the wisdom and divine system.

Further, it is mentioned that there had always been enemies of prophets among human being and Jins who used to mislead people by their glib tongue and artful persuasive arguments.

Ayah 15 reads, “The word of your Lord finds its fulfillment in truth and in justice: None can change His words: for He is All-Hearing and All-Knowing” No one in the world can make any kinds of change in laws of the Qura’n, it is beyond any change or amendment. So, no true Muslim can get into trap of glib tongued people who mislead others by their satanic tricks.  

Ayah 116 rejects the false concept that the way of majority is always right. The way to follow is only the way which is instructed by Almighty Allah. As Allah says, “If you obey the majority of those on the earth, they will make you lose the way of Allah. They follow nothing but whims, and they do nothing but make conjectures.”

 

Animals are only Halal when slaughtered with the name of Allah

Ayah 118 tells that animals are only halal if they are slaughtered with the name of Allah. In this ayah, objection of Non-Muslims is also replied. They said ‘It is strange that the animal is lawful if you yourself kill it but it becomes unlawful if Allah kills by giving it natural death.’ The answer is that no living being dies without the consent of Allah, only Allah gives death to each living being though reasons of the death are different. So, when Allah’s name is chanted at the time of slaughter of an animal then because of blessing of Allah’s name, it becomes lawful for us to eat.

Ayah 20 says, “Leave both open and hidden sins ” Open sins are the sins which are perpetrated by the physical body parts like lying, cheating, bribery, drinking wine, fornication etc while hidden sins are the sins which relate to the heart such as jealousy, arrogance, show-off, animosity, wishing ill on others etc.

Monasticism is against Islamic Concept

Ayah 122 teaches Muslims that it is not Islam to leave social life staying away from people and spending all the times for worship in loneliness, rather Islam asks people to live in the society, interact with people and fulfill their rights, but wherever they go, they must go with the light of Islam.

In the following ayahs, Muslims are comforted and told that if Non-Muslims are now hatching conspiracy against them, it is not a new thing; it has been happening through the ages as the stupid people had been conspiring against the prophets and their adherents. Ayah 125 reads, “So whomsoever Allah wants to guide - He makes his heart wide open for Islam; and whomsoever He wills to let go astray (due to his arrogance) - He makes his heart strait and constricted (and he feels accepting Islam as difficult as) he were climbing into the sky. In this way, Allah lays abomination on those who do not believe.”

Ayah 128 states that people will admit their mistakes on the Day of Judgment saying that we kept on following Satan and he remained happy to deviate us. Ayah 129 reads, “Thus We will make some wrongdoers companions of others (in the Hereafter) because of what they used to commit.”

Ayah 130 tells that mankind and Jins will be questioned about their deviation, and they will be asked that whether any messenger of Allah came to them, at that moment they will give witness against themselves and admit their deviation.

Some Baseless Customs of Polytheists

Some baseless customs of polytheists are mentioned from Ayah 136 to 144. They had made many things unlawful by baseless causes while they permitted many illicit things with no logical reasons. For instance, they used to kill their own children mercilessly. They were killing their daughters saying that daughters are angels of Allah, so it is not right for men to have daughters while some of them committing this crime because they felt shame to have daughters. They were killing their sons being afraid of poverty.
Some of them used to take a vow that if he was blessed with 10th son, he would sacrifice him to the statues of worship.

Besides it, the polytheists of Makkah also fabricated many strange customs about the cattle and crops. They used to save one portion of crops and milk and meat of animals for Allah, which were served to the guests and distributed to the poor people, while one portion was saved for the statues of worship which was offered to the temple where the temple clerics used to get benefit from it.

Firstly, it was a very foolish custom to save something for the statues equal to the share for Allah, secondly, if some parts of Allah’s share were gone mistakenly to statue’s share, it was not a matter for them, but if some parts of statue’s share were gone to Allah’s share then they were taking them back to statue’s share. It shows that they were giving more importance to the statue than Allah.

Ayat 141 mentions trees and fruits as bounty of Allah, and induces people to pay the due rights of them, that is their zakat, as well as they are asked not to misuse them. Further, Allah says in a questioning way that, do you have any proof for the customs which you use to make some animal unlawful? If not, then you are slandering Allah.

The pagans of Makkah were objecting that if Allah does not like polytheism then why He enables us to do so? The answer is that if Allah compels everyone to believe in Him then what will be the meaning of the exam? While the world is created to examine mankind to know that who adopts, by his own will and understanding, the right path which is put by Allah in the nature of every human being, and to which all the messengers guided their followers.  

Ayah 151 reads, “… Do not kill your children for fear of poverty - [for] it is We who shall provide sustenance for you as well as for them…”

Ayah 159 says, “Indeed, those who have divided their religion and become sects - you, [Muhammad], are not [associated] with them in anything. Their affair is only [left] to Allah; then He will inform them about what they used to do.”

It means, the way of Allah, the right path, Islam is only one, so those who try to make any way other than the right path of Allah, they have no relation with the Prophet (saws), whether they are Jews, Christians or even Muslims who would make their own sect in future leaving the Islamic beliefs.

Tenth Fold Reward of Virtuous Deed

Ayah 160 says, “Whoever comes [on the Day of Judgment] with a good deed, will have ten times as much to his credit, and whoever comes with an evil deed, will not be recompensed except the like thereof; and they will not be wronged.” Ayah 161 and 162 read, “Say, ‘Indeed, my Lord has guided me to a straight path – an upright religion - the way of Abraham, inclining toward truth. And he was not among those who associated others with Allah. Indeed, my prayer, my rites of sacrifice, my life and my death are for Allah, Lord of the worlds.’”

After that it is mentioned that every person is responsible for his deed and no one will bear any one’s burden on the Day of Judgment. The last ayah of Surah Al-Anaam reads, “…He (Allah) raised some of you in ranks over others, so that He may test you in what He has given you...” It means Allah has given different status to different people in appearance, colour, accent, morality, wealth, respect etc. because He wants to test people that how they abide by Allah’s orders in different situations; how rich people thank Him for being blessed with health and how poor people keep patience in poverty.

Surah Aaraf begins from here. This Surah is Makki and it has 206 ayahs. This Surah is named after Aaraf, because Aaraf is mentioned in this Surah. Aaraf is a place between Paradise and Hell. In this Surah, many prophets are mentioned briefly.

First ayah is among the Muqatta’at letters. Second ayah reads, “(This is) a book sent down to you. Therefore, your heart must not be straitened because of it. (It is revealed to you) so that you may warn through it, and it may be an advice for the believers.”

In this ayah, Prophet (saws) is comforted by Allah that he should not be worried too much about how to convince the people to believe in the message of the Qur’an, and if they don’t believe, he will not be questioned about it. Because his duty was to convey the divine message and make them aware of the truth, and it is not his duty to make them believe in it.

Ayahs from 11 to 25 mention the way Satan disobeyed Allah Almighty and misled Prophet Adam (as). It has been mentioned in first Juz too. Ayah 26 reads, “O Children of Adam! Verily, We have sent down to you a garment to conceal your private parts and as adornment; and the garment of piety --that is the best. That is of the signs of Allah, so that people may take heed.”

Bad Custom of Circumambulation with Naked Body

Ayahs from 26 to 32 were revealed to denounce one of the bad customs of Arab. It was that, some tribes including Quraish residing in Makkah and nearby area, were called Hums. All other tribes of Arab were respecting Hums a lot, because, Hums were taking care of Baitullah. They believed that only Hums tribes have right to wear cloth while circumambulating Baitullah. They used to say how other people can circumambulate Baitullah wearing the cloth in which they commit sins. So when people other than Hums come to circumambulate Baitullah, they borrow cloths from Hums and if they do not get from them, they used to circumambulate it with naked body. In these ayahs, this foolish custom is condemned and importance of dressing is stated.

Ayah 38 denotes that when sinful people will be thrown into Hell, they will complain about those who misguided them and would curse them saying, O, Allah, give them double punishment.

 In next few ayaat, conversation among people of Paradise, people of Hell and people of Aaraf, is mentioned. Ayah 44 states, “And the companions of Paradise will call out to the companions of the Fire, "We have already got what our Lord promised us to be true. Have you got what your Lord promised to be true?" They will say, "Yes." Then an announcer will announce among them, "The curse of Allah shall be upon the wrongdoers.”

Ayah 46 reads, “And between them will be a partition, and on [its] elevations are men who recognize all by their mark. And they call out to the companions of Paradise, "Peace be upon you." They have not [yet] entered it, but they long intensely.”

Ayah 50 reads, “And the companions of the Fire will call to the companions of Paradise, "Pour upon us some water or from whatever Allah has provided you." They will say, "Indeed, Allah has forbidden them both to the disbelievers."

Earth and Sky Created in Six days

Ayah 54 states that Allah has created earth and sky in six days. It happened when days and nights were not counted through the present sun and moon. Apparently, the days were measured by any other ways, what was that? Allah knows it the best. It teaches mankind to work in this world calmly and patiently instead of working hastily.

Ayah 55 reads, “Pray to your Lord crying humbly, and softly; verily He does not love the transgressors.”

Further, rain is termed as a great bounty. Story of Prophet Noah (as)’s people is mentioned from Ayah 59 to 64.

Various Nations of World

Prophet Noah (as) kept on preaching his people till 900 years but majority of them did not accept the guidance. Thus, Allah Almighty destroyed them through the violent torrent. Ayah 72, narrates the story of Aad Nation. Aad people were gigantic and very strong physically. Prophet Hud (as) used to guide them to the right path but they always made argument with him whenever he preached them. Finally, Allah sent down punishment of storm onto them to kill them.

 In the following ayahs, Samood Nation is mentioned. Prophet Saleh (as) invited the people of Samood to the way of Allah for a long period of time but they refused to accept the guidance. They demanded him that if he brings a camel from the mountain, they would accept his message. Later, Allah created a camel from a mountain but still they denied to accept and killed that camel. Consequently, Allah Almighty punished them with earthquake which destroyed them.

After that, Lut nation is mentioned. They were involved in a heinous sin of sodomy. Prophet Lut (as), reproached them and tried to prevent them from this sin but instead of accepting his guidance, they started making fun of him. Therefore, Allah Almighty sent rain of stones upon them and inverted their area. Prophet Loot (as) is son of prophet Ibrahim’s brother. After that, story of prophet Shuyeb (as) is narrated. His people were famous for cheating customers while weighing the goods.  Most of the part of this story is narrated in Juz 9.